EU laws on renewable energy sources

Through the numerous legislative changes and stimulus measures, the European Union has stimulated investments in renewable energy sources. The use of renewable energy sources and cogeneration (OIEK) in the Republic of Croatia is based on basic energy laws based on which the bylaws have been adopted. For the preparation of projects related to the construction of a renewable energy source facility, legal regulations are of special importance in the area of environmental protection, spatial planning, and construction:  Environmental Protection Act (NN 118/18) and Law on Spatial Planning and Construction (NN 78/15).

The existing Directive on renewable energy , which is the co-decision procedure adopted April 23, 2009 (2009/28 / EC) established the mandatory target according to which by 2020 the share of renewable energy in energy consumption in the EU should be 20%. Furthermore, from all member states it is required that by 2020, 10% of its fuel for traffic will be produced from renewable sources. The Directive also identifies the various mechanisms that the Member States can use to achieve the objectives pursued (aid programs, origin guarantees, joint projects, cooperation between the Member States and third countries) as well as bioenergy sustainability criteria. 

Although the current program framework is valid until 2020, the European Commission has already started preparations for the period after 2020 how could investors at the time met with the political framework for the period after 2020. Renewable energy sources play a crucial role in the long-term strategy of the Commission as reported in the "Energy Plan for 2050". 

According to scenarios for decarbonization of the energy sector presented in this plan, the share of renewable energy by 2030 should be at least 30%. The mandatory target according to which 27% of energy consumption must come from renewable sources is determined only at the EU level. The Commission expects that binding national targets for greenhouse gas emissions will boost growth in the energy sector.

Also, a very important legal framework relates to the Directive on the promotion of the use of renewable energy sources (2009/28/EZ).T he Directive aims to create a common set of rules for the use of renewable energy in the EU to limit greenhouse gas emissions and promote cleaner transportation.   

The national goal of using renewable energy sources from the Law about renewable energy sources and high efficiency cogeneration (NN 111/18) is a binding goal of using renewable energy sources in the Republic of Croatia in 2020 and is determined as the minimum share of renewable energy sources in the total immediate energy consumption expressed in percentage of 20%. 

By mid-2018, the Commission, the Parliament, and the Council reached a political agreement that includes the binding target for renewable energy for the EU by 2030 by 32%. 


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